Research into the "Engelson Family Tree"

Many years ago I came across some pencil notes written by my grandfather when he was in the Klondike in the 1890's. These I typed out and added some pieces of information which I thought would be interesting to those of the family that were curious as to what happened to my grandfather, H.C. Engelson when he was away from home.

Since that time I have again stumbled across some information concerning Grandmother Engelson's side of the family. The following excerpts have been taken from journals, scrapbooks, letters, old newspapers and conversation with various family members. I will try to place the happenings in chronological order. I don't believe I have found any skeletons yet. If any that read this have any more information to add please let me know.

The first item concerns Christopher Findlay who is the father of Mary who eventually becomes the wife of William Cartwright. They in turn had eleven children. One of them born on March 22, 1889 was Mary Ann who married Harold Charles Engelson. They had eight children and these children grew up and had some more and here we are today.

The above copy of a water colour is a rendition of the Barque Tory, This vessel carried great great grandpa Christopher to British Columbia in the year 1851.

I will place my thoughts in parenthesis.

Nanaimo paper from the year 1879 - Sudden Death - On Saturday night Mr. Christopher Findlay was found dead on the stoop of his residence on Mill Street by Mr. Toop, who called to see the deceased. Mr. Findlay came to this Province over 30 years ago from the Orkney Islands in the employ of the Hudson Bay Company. He had been complaining for some time of being unwell, but such a sudden end was not anticipated by his friends. It would appear that the deceased had just stepped outside of the door for some object or other when he suddenly fell down dead. Mr. Toop states that when he first found the deceased on the stoop it was dark, and upon lifting his arm found it flexible. Upon his return it was quite stiff. From this it would appear that Findlay had not been dead over a few hours when his body was discovered. The deceased was about 46 years of age and leaves one daughter.

(This newspaper clipping gives the direction of further research, Hudson Bay Company archives and the Orkney Islands. It also gives his approximate time of arrival in British Columbia as 1851 and his age at that time would have been 18. His birthdate would have been 1833).

In most of the records that I could find Christopher Findlay was said to have been an accountant working for the Hudson's Bay Company. Upon sending a letter to the Hudson's Bay Company Archives in Winnipeg it was found that a Christopher Findlay worked for the Company in the capacity of Middleman (middle position in a canoe) at Fort Rupert, Vancouver Island between the years 1851 and 1853. His wages were seventeen pounds per annum. No further records have been traced to Christopher Findlay. Fort Rupert is located on Northern Vancouver Island and is the place where coal was first found in British Columbia. When coal was later discovered in Nanaimo in larger quantities the Hudson's Bay Company moved workers from Fort Rupert to Nanaimo.

From the archives attached to the provincial museum in Victoria I found that Christopher Findlay had to be working under the overman Macneil in the construction of Fort Rupert. This crew of Macneil came from the interior of British Columbia when another Hudson Bay Company fort closed.

Shortly after, he met and married a women. I do not know her name. My dad says that she left Christopher Findlay and returned to her home of Rose Town to die. There was an Indian village by this name at a whaling station, Rose Harbour, which is located in the southern Queen Charlotte Islands. There were also two Indian villages on the northern tip of the Charlottes which was called Rose Spit.

Going back to the story, on April 20, 1854 in Nanaimo, Mary Findlay was born.

On May 25, 1841 William M. Cartwright was born in Staffordshire, England.

William gave his place of birth as Bank St. Brierly Hill, England. When 21 years of age he arrived on the Princess Royal, February 4th l862.

The following is said to be a press release. However, I read the newspaper for that day and found only the passenger list. In a scrapbook I found an ink copy and a typed copy. Which came first is anyone's guess. Mine is that the typed copy is first.

Arrival of the Princess Royal, February 4th, 1862.

The Hudson Bay Company's Ship, Princess Royal arrived in the Outer harbour yesterday morning from London, England, with several passengers and a large cargo of assorted merchandise, consigned to the Company. The Otter fired up and proceeded outside about noon, and towards evening attempted to tow the ship inside, but, at five o'clock they stranded on Shoal Point, where the vessel remained up to a late hour last night. They will doubtless float off with the high tide this evening. The cargo of the Princess Royal is the most valueable ever brought to the Colony.

Passengers Per Ship Princess Royal from London England:

Miss Robinson, Miss Bate, William Cartwright, Joseph Bate, William Biggs, Robert Bacham, Alice Hannah Bacham, Mrs. Rowling and Master Rowlings.

Lost Overboard.

Shortly after rounding Cape Horn, in a gale the Princess Royal lost her Second Mate and an able Seaman. They were engaged in taking in the jib when the vessel pitched forward heavily and when she recovered the men had disappeared.

Upon arriving in Victoria William proceeded immediately to Nanaimo to visit his sister, Sarah Ann Bate, the wife of the Mark Bate who had married in 1859.

Mark Bate was later to become the first Mayor of Nanaimo, 1874. He was also the manager of the Vancouver Coal Company, established Nanaimo's first newspaper and was the leader of the Nanaimo brass marching band. He lived to be 90. Sarah died earlier at the age of 57.

William Cartwright worked in Nanaimo until 1872. It is assumed that he worked in the mines. In 1869 on December the 14th he married Mary Findlay. This wedding took place in Victoria at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Noah Shakespeare, then living in James Bay. Reverend Mr. White of the Wesleyan Church officiated at the ceremony. Mr. Shakespeare acting as best man, and Mrs. Shakespeare being the matron of honor. Two years later they had their first child, a girl, Tillie. At this time they decided that farming in the southern part of the island would be more to their liking.


The Journal

The following is a word for word copy from a Scrapbook and Diary. This book must have been the only paper book that could be written in. It was originally a store ledger from the year 1869. On the blank bottoms of some pages is written a sort of Diary with entries by both William and Mary. Each had quite neat hand writing with few spelling errors. Mary's handwriting is the most legible. The first entry I could find by William was one dated March 14, 1872 when his dog died. The next is dated April 2nd, 1872 and states " F. Meakin and D. Weeb tore my rails up." Also this book was used as a farm ledger, a recipe book, a list of medicines, and interesting clippings from the Victoria Times and Family Herald. The latter were pasted over the original ledger items of 1869


William Cartwright and Mary Cartwright

May 6th, 1872- I left Nanaimo got in Victoria on the 8th left on the 10th and got in Seattle on the 11th (apparently he had a sister there) came back on the 16. On the 25 went on a schooner as cook for a week.

June 3rd,- I went to work for Sayward to clean up his lumber yard was there 3 days and 3/4.

June 6th,- came to live in Mr. Saywards House in View St. Victoria.

June 7th,- Whitewashed Mrs Heal House $2.50

June 9th,- went home

July 1st,- Worked for gasthon (that's as close as I can come)

July 2nd,- Whitewashed for Mrs. Heal

July 3rd,- Mary visited Mrs. Heal and I took a job to chop for them.

July 6th,- Moved our goods out.

October 18th,-Visited Sooke with Mr. Turner to see his Farm. Returned to Victoria on the 25th

October 28th,- Moved down to Sooke. Turner was not at home.

November 2nd,- Turner came home

November 9th,- Turner and me went to Victoria.

November 11th- We went to Mr. Johnson about the Agreement for the farm

November 12th- I returned to Sooke.

December 11th- I received a letter from M. Bate with two Portraits one of Bate and one of Miss Emily Bate.

December 18th- Mrs. Cartwright a letter from Mrs Sbistion (Sebastion)

December 19th- I traded a clock to Donald for 350 pounds of potatoes.

December 21st- The steamer Duglas came to Sook

December 22nd- Snowing we have had no snow before to speak of

December 23rd- Snow

December 24th- Rain

December 25th- Rain and all the snow gone (no mention of Christmas)

December 26th- Rain I went to Mr. Charter and to Donald

December 27th- rain

December 28th- Fine day Mr. Meeson paid me a visit. I received a letter from Mrs. Bate with five dollars in it. Went to Donalds with Mr. Meeson

December 29th- Fine Day

December 30th- Fine day. Donald paid me a visit

December 31st- Rainy Day

January 1st 1873- Rain. I killed a little pig. Mary received a letter from her Father. Donald paid us a visit.

January 2nd- Fine day. I went to Mr. Meeson with Donald there was no one at home.

Friday 3rd- Rain Snowed last night.

Saturday 4th- I visited Mr. Meeson. I borrowed his little hammer. Rain

Sunday 5th- Mr. Charter and his brother paid me a visit I sent a letter to M.B. (Mark Bate) and one to Finlay

January 6th- Very fine day. I went over to Charters. They have both gone to town.

January 7th- Very Fine. I took the horse and cows to Meeson.

January 8th- I went to Charters and borrowed his saddle and I went to Donalds but no one at home.

January 9th- I went to Victoria. Fine Day.

January 10th- In town all day. Fine Day

Sunday 12th- Came home. Rain

Monday 13th- Rain and snow. Donald came here and got his sacks and two of ours. My canoe gone adrift.

Tuesday 14th- Rain. I went to Charter

Wednesday 15th-Rain. I went to Meeson

Thursday 16th-I returned Mr. Meesons hammer. I got the horse home. I found my canoe and found another one with it.

Friday 17th- Fine till the evening then it rained. Indian Jack came here and I paid him 25 cents (I imagine that is what it is. The writing in the journal says C 25)

Saturday 18th- The Steamer Douglas came down and returned. Fine day.

Sunday 19th- Rain. I went to Donalds

January 20th- Rain. Peggy took the Bull (Peggy is the name of a cow)

January 21st- Fine. I took Meeson's cow to Donalds. I took Charters' saddle back

Wednesday 22nd- Went to town with Donald. Fine day

Thursday 23rd-In town rain in town all day

Friday 24th- Rain, in town

Saturday 25th- Left town for Sooke. Called in at Esquimalt

Sunday 26th- Started for Sooke (distance now is 21 miles over a paved road, not a bush trail)

Monday 27th- Got home at half past 7 o'clock A.M. Slept all day.

Tuesday 28th- I went to Charters and borrowed a box. Donald came here. Rain

Wednesday 29th- I received a letter from Turner. Meeson and Donald came here Fine day until evening and then rain.

Thursday 30th-Snow. I went to Donalds but he had gone to my house and I mist him on the way.

Friday 31st- Fine day but very cold.

Saturday Feb. 1st- Very cold day I went to Donalds

Sunday 2nd- I sent a letter to Mrs. Bate. I went to Charters Donald came here. A very cold day.

Monday 3rd- Fine Day

Tuesday 4th- Fine day. Mr. Charters came here

Wednesday 5th- Rain. Donald came here. He lost his canoe. I went with him to find it. We found an old canoe.

Thursday 6th- Cold day but fine.

Friday 7th- Fine day. An Indian came here

Saturday 8th- Rain I went to Meesons

Sunday 9th- I posted a letter to Turner. Fine day. I went to Charter with Mrs. Cartwright but no one at home but children. Went to Donalds and no one at home and the Meesons came here.

Monday 10th- Rain

Tuesday 11th- Rain Donald came here.

Wednesday 12th-Rain

Thursday 13th- Fine Day I went to Donalds. We both went in the woods.

Friday 14th- Snow

Saturday 15th- Snow

Sunday 16th- Fine day but cold. I took Mrs. Cartwright and Children to Charters

Monday 17th- Fine day but cold

Tuesday 18th- Fine day but cold. I borrowed a Plug of tobacco of Donald

Wednesday 19th-I went to Deshaw to see about my hogs. Called at Mr. Messons.Received two letters. one from Mr. Bate and one from Mrs. Bate. Fine Day

Thursday 20th- Rain. We went to Parur(?) I took Charters boat back

Friday 21st- Fine Day

Saturday 22nd- Fine day. I got my first feed of clams

Sunday 23rd- Fine day. I went to Donalds and went to Mr. Meeson with him

Monday 24th- Fine day.

Tuesday 25th- Fine day

Wednesday 26th-I went to Charters and borrowed a mall. I went to Donalds

Thursday 27th- Fine day. I sprained my foot

Friday 28th- Fine day

March 1st.- Fine day

Sunday 2nd- Rain. to Charters and sent a letter to M. Bate

Monday 3rd- Rain. Donald came here

Tuesday 4th- Rain. I went to Charters to return mall

Wednesday 5th- Rain I went after the cattle. I got Blossom home.

Thursday 6th- Rain. I sprained my back

Friday 7th- Rain

Saturday 8th- Rain I went to Donald and got a box of pills

Sunday 9th- Rain. Donald came here

March 30th- I lost all my ducks

April 1st- I got ( ? ) calfd

April 2nd- I went to Meeson. Rain

April 3rd- I went to Charters. Rain

April 4th- Rain

April 5th- Fine day. I put the corner fence up

April 6th- Fine. I went after the cattle

April 7th- I got Minny and calf in.

April 9th- I got Polly and calf in.

April 13th- A letter from Mrs. Bate

April 20th- A letter to Mrs. Bate

April 22nd- I got Lady and calf in

April 27th- I went to Deshaw's- Donald came here

April 28th- Mary Ann and John came here

April 29th- Over at Charters

April 30th- I went to Meesons got some Duck eggs to set.

May 1st- Indian Charly came here half drowned. I took him home in my boat. I planted potatoes

May 22nd- I received a Registered letter from M. Bate with the Deeds of my lot in Nanaimo

May 27th- I sent a letter to Mr. Bate

May 28th- I received a letter from Turner

June 8th- A letter to Mrs. Bate and one to Alfred Raper (maybe Maper)

June 9th- I started to Victoria with John Charters but turned back. Too much wind.

July 19th- I got C 75 for making hay at Throup's

Feb.13th 1876-Mitchel got lost

The next entries are entitled "The Estate of C. Findlay". (This was Mary's father) This is in the form of a ledger and says that William was away from the farm from September the first, 1879 until October the 19th. They went to Nanaimo and were there from the 2nd to the 5th. Afterwhich Mrs. Cartwright went to Victoria and William followed three days later. There they stayed until the 26th where they went back to Nanaimo and returned to Sooke leaving Nanaimo on the 12 of October and arriving at Sooke on the 19th. The funeral, travel and lawyer's expenses amounted to $174.95 and they received $72.50 for "lumber and other articles"

(After this point the entries by William are once in a while and mixed in the book. The next portion is by Mary. I found her a much more entertaining and informative writer. Where is William?) (William always travelled with a concertina. He was much in demand for parties and dances. His youngest son, Tom, a commercial fisherman, acquired the concertina. I tried to fix it but was in sad shape after spending years on his fishing boat.)

Nov. 27th, 1882- William and Emily Mary went to Nanaimo. (Mary would be Mary Martin who lived with them, most likely to help with the children.)

28- The children and I went down to Donald with his boat, and baked some bread, we stayed till dark, then Donald puld us home, he stayed til nine o'clock. (7 children at this time, Tilly 11, Aggie 9, Emily 7, Lorenzo and John 2, Queenie 1, and baby Mark.)

29- It was a fine morning but a wet afternoon. I was sewing all day. In the morning two pilot men, Mr. Thomson and another gentleman came here. Mr. Thomson asked me to let him have a couple charges of powder so I gave it to him.

30- Rain in the morning but a fine afternoon, Donald came here for a few minutes then he went up to Mr. Steel for his potatoes and came again in the evening. He stayed till half past nine o'clock. Manual and Marian Throup was here too, with some sewing.

Decr.1 (She abbreviates December as Decr.) A fine day, Mr. Steel went down with a boat load of staves. He did not call, I rolled a log down and burst it, then I burst another log one that William finished sawing for us. It was dreadfull hard to split. I boiled the beef brine and skind the feet, John Dale came here just before dark, to see if he could get the Rifle but I would not let him have it.

2- It rained nearly all day, but cleared up towards evening. I put the beef back in the barrel. I washed some clothes, when I got threw, I washed the floor, and then Tillie and I packed wood, after that I sat down and sew'd and finished sewing a jumper for Manual Throup and did not go to bed till past twelve o'clock.

3- Fine morning, but a very wet afternoon. Mr. Batise came here in the morning to see if he could get the canoe to go across the bay, but I told him I wanted to go across to Mr. Bakers. I told him I would take him across, but he would not let me, so he went through to Mr. Gordon's to get their boat, but it turned out to wet for us to go out. An Indian woman came here, she said that here two little ones were very sick with a cold. She asked me for a little pain killer and some hops, I gave them to her.

4- A fogy morning but a fine afternoon, Abram Low came here on horse back, he said an indian boy the name of Peter got drowned, he went across the bay to tell Peters sister. Abram said the indian got drunk while he was in town and when the indians he was with were starting for home again they would not let him come with them because he was drunk so that they started without him. The indian determined to follow them some how so he pushed another canoe into the water got into it follow'd them but when he got out in the Straits he lost use of the canoe so he drifted out in the Straits, and it was blowing a strong north east wind and the indians that was in the large canoe watched him go, and would not go and save him, so that the poor fellow got drowned, they found his canoe all smashed up about a week after. Abram said that was all we could find out, he went home again about four o'clock in the afternoon, Manual was here for his jumper. Billy Cotsford's sloop came in and I was fileing the saw and I fixed the hearth.

5- A fine day, and it has been beautiful calm weather. I finished boiling the beef brine, and packed the beef back in the barrel and put the brine on in the evening, I finished fileing the saw, and then I went and cut some wood, Mr. Copland came here stayed all afternoon. I got him to pack some back logs for me, and he went right away, Mr. Steel went by with another boat load of staves, but did not call. (Mr. Steel takes letters to Mary to West Sooke)

6- There was a misty rain falling all day, I fixed the chimney but could not finish it for the clay did nothing but tumble down on me, Mr. White went by with some trees in his boat, a little while after Mr. Steel went by, and did not call again, I expected a letter from William, in the evening. Mr. Copland came and stayed until fifteen minutes to ten.

7- A wet and drisly day, Billy Cotsford got his sloop stuck on the flats and could not get her off, Mr. Copland took my canoe without asking for it, I went after him about it, He said they wanted to take some potatoes out of the sloop, to see if they could get the sloop off, He said he was in a hurry to get the potatoes out, before the tide got to low, but they could not get her off after all, Billy went in the water to try and see if he could push her off but he was no sooner in than he had to get out again, Mr. Copland was going in too, but Billy told him not t,t,t,to c,c,come in it w,w,was t,t,too c,c,cold h,o m, my, he said he did not think it was so cold, so they gave it up for a bad job, they looked so cold and hungry , so I told them if they would bring some coffee or tea and sugar that I would make them a hot cup for them, so they brought some. I had finished the chimney, I made a big fire to warm them and dry their clothes, Mr. Copland asked if he could sleep here all night because there was no place in the sloop to lay on, I told him he could, so he made his bed on the floor, and Billy went over to Charter's all night.

8- A very wet day and a south west wind blowing, Billy Cotsford brought his sloop to our beach for the potatoes they took out, then went over to Charters for water and then they sailed out for town, I sent a hide up with them to sell for me. I told Billy to get me some shot and sugar, tea. I wanted the sugar for the baby.

9- A showery morning, but a fine afternoon, we went down to Donald's to bake some bread, and the tide went down and left our canoe high and dry, the beach was too muddy for us to tread over so we had to wait untill the tide rose, it was not till ten o'clock, and I felt so vexed to think I had to stay so late, while I was there I got acquainted with a lady they have got for a cook at the loging camp, and she has such a pretty little girl, the poor little thing has the hooping cough and the mother was afraid our children would catch it, I had only the baby with me, The mother said she would have got her little girl to love and kiss the baby, but she was afraid of the cough,..

10- A very wet morning but a very fine afternoon, a south west wind blew, it blew hard too, Donald came here, he stayed about an hour, I roll'd a log down and pack'd some bark and then burst the log up, Lots of snow on the mountains, there was a nice sunset tonight, I think it will be a fine day tomorrow, it is blowing hard yet, Donald would not help me with the wood,

11- In the morning there was snow till about nine o'clock, then it was fine all day, Mr. Baker put up his signal and I went over for him. He stayed and helped me get some fire wood,

12- A wet day, Mr. Baker stayed all night so that he could help me to get more wood, but he could not get much, it was too wet to be out, so I took him home after dinner, the weather cleared up a little, while I took him over, Mr. Baker took a cat away for Mrs Burnett, just after I started away from the beach Mr. Baker came out and called to me to come in but I was too far so I told him I did not care to come so I thank'd him all the same, the steamer came in last night about ten o'clock, I was going down to see if Billy Cotsford sent the things down as he said he would, but he had not, I expect he must be coming down again, I called in at Throup's on my way back to see if she had any more sewing for me to do, but she had none ready, they told me Manual had gone to town to work for himself. It has been snowing on the hills again today,

13- A fine day but snowing on the hills again this morning, I gathered William's tools together and brought the box down to the house, and then I got the plow and cleaned it and put it away, Mr. Steel came to the beach and gave me a letter from William in his letter he say's he is coming home, I was sewing an old blanket together, it took me all afternoon to sew it.

14- A showry day, a north east wind blowing, I expected William home but no sign of him, this morning I braided some rags for my matting, after dinner saw'd a log off and roll'd it down and burst it, after supper I finished braiding rags, and then sew'd them up and made quite a nice little mat out of it,

15- A showry morning but turn'd out fine in the afternoon, and dreadful foggy this evening, I washed some clothes and that kept me busy till dark, no sign of William yet, I sent Tillie down to Mr. Keil (?) for some newspaper's but he had none, the snow is nearly all gone off the hill's.

16- A wet day, but this afternoon a south west wind, it started up suddenly and blew hard, I scrub'd the floor, after I got through, I went up and saw'd a log off, roll'd it down and burst it, then hacked some bark, there is scarely any snow on the hills

17- A wet day, and a gaile of wind blowing, south west, I finished bursting my log up, and packed some bark, after dinner Donald came here, the children were having fine fun playing with there balls with him when Batise came, and brought some more washing. He sat a few minutes and then took our canoe, and went up the river, and it was blowing hard, he could scarely pull across. He has not come back yet, I expect it is blowing too hard for him, the snow is all gone off the hills

18- A fine day, and quite calm to what it was yesterday, I washed Mr. Steel's clothes, then went and saw'd a log off, just as I started to saw Mr. Batise came here for his jumper and pants. After he went I went and saw'd my log off, the sun set this evening was like one made of fire all over the sky.

19- A fine day, and a strong North East wind, right after breakfast I went and saw'd log's I cut two logs off by dinner, and two more after dinner and roll'd them all down just before dark

20- A fine day, I set fire to an old tree by the shanty, to see if I can get it burnt down for bark, after dinner I went over to Mrs. Throup for some sewing. She gave me a waist and a white skirt, and she gave me some apples for the children, When I got home Donald was here having fine fun with the children, he asked me for the canoe, to take a calf home, that he kill'd over by Gordon's place, Tillie and I pack'd some bark, just as it was getting dark it started to rain, and there is lots of snow on the hills today, no sign of William yet, nor no letter either,

21- A very wet day, Donald brought the canoe back, while he was here, the children had fine fun playing ball with him again, he stayed and had dinner with us, and then went home, towards evening it clear'd up a little, I went down to the steamer to see if there was anything on board for me but there was none, just as I started on my way back it rain'd so hard that it wet me right through to the skin,

22- A pretty fair day, and there is snow on the hills, it felt rather cold, I washed Mr. Batise's clothes and mended Mr. Steel's clothes,

23- A wet morning, there was a hard frost last night, but just as it was getting daylight the frost was all gone then the rain fell, towards afternoon it clear'd up, and the snow is all gone off the hills, there is not a spec of snow to be see, Sandy Chambell came here with a letter from William. Sandy said that Mr. Steel is very sick so that he could not bring the letter before, I gave Sandy some of Steel's clothes to take up with him.


The Party!

24- Fine day, I had three gentlemen visitors here one of I knew but the other two were strangers to me. They were off the Steamer, Woodside, one was the engineer and his fireman, the other was the mate. It was the engineer that I knew. His name was Mr. Charly Sherman, he said he thought that William was home or he whould not have come, he said they had a barrel of beer and three bottles of brandy, and a cordian and another kind of little music, Mr. Sherman played the little one, and the mate played the cordian, when Mr. Sherman told me they had music with them, I told him to bring them up and play us a tune or two, so they all came up, the fireman had only one leg, Mr. Sherman went and draw'd two tin fulls of beer and brought it up, I had three drink's two before dinner and one while we here having dinner, after dinner the children got there ball's out, and played with them, then the men got hold of the balls, hitting one another's head's until their head's were quite sore, then they gave that up, and the mate sang some songs, and play'd some more tunes, then went away, I was not sorry for I was getting afraid, for they had been drinking brandy, whenever they would go down to the boat, I would see them take a drink out of a bottle, Mr. Sherman ask'd me if I would like a drink of brandy but I told I did not care for any so he did not bring any up. There was a South East wind.

25- Christmas day, a fine day wth a Strong North East wind, we all went down to Donald's and had a nice dinner, in the evening we had supper with Mrs. Collic the logging camp cook, and enjoyed ourselves, I seen cook's husband for the first time, he is an awfull tall man, he says he is six feet two inches and he says he is a twin and that he has a sister, and she is five feet eleven inches, I think she must be a terrible tall woman. The first thing in the morning I went over and posted a letter to William, and Mrs. Bridges asked me to have some breakfast, so I stayed and had some, the mail did not go till about half past eight,

26- A showry day, I went over to Mrs. Throup with some sewing that I finished for her, then I went to Charter's for some potatoes, I got two hundred lbs, and paid for them, I had dinner with them, and then they have taken down the old chimney and build another on the outside of the house this time, so that they have more room in the house now.

27- A showry morning and a fine afternoon, I sent Tillie through to Mr. Gordon's for some papers but he had none, but he lent me two story books, Billy Cotsford's sloop came in, Tillie and I packed some bark

28- A beautiful day, there was a little black frost last night, Billy Cotsford came across with his sloop, and brought the sugar tea and shot, he had his brother John wth him, John walked right up to me and asked me if I did know him, I told him no I did not at first, until I looked at him good, then I ask'd him if he was Johnny, he said yes, he has lost one of his eyes, so that it made him look so strange, but he knew me as soon as he saw me, they both stayed a little, and then I went on board the sloop for a few minutes, after I came ashore again they went over to Charters and anchor'd, it is freezing hard, Mr. Batise came here this evening, and went across over to Bridges, he seemed to be gone only a few minutes before he was back again, he stayed a few minutes, and then went home.

29- Another beautiful day, it was a spring day, there was a slight north wind, I went over to Charters and took an old song book that Mrs. Charters asked me if she could have, she said there was two songs in it that Nancy wanted and then I went down to Muir's to post two letters, one to my aunt Margret, and aunt Mary, (Margret and Mary would have been her father's sisters on the Orkney Islands.) I got some sugar, raisons, apples, and some writing paper, I got two boards a half inch thick off the scrap file,

30- Another splendid day, it had been freezing hard last night again, Johny Cotsford came over, I gave him some money to get me a pair of shoes and some cotton, a broom and washing soda, I sent Tillie down to Keil's to see if she could get some currants, but he was not home, Tillie and I hall'd some wood down on the sleigh and we managed to put quite a lot on, we put on about three journeys of wood, that is if we had to pack it, the ground was froze hard so that the sleigh slipt over the ground quite easy, John Cotsford is to send my things on the steamer, Woodside,

31- Another beautiful warm day, I was writing to William, freezing hard again last night

January 1st, 1883- Another fine day, I went and posted a letter to Mary (Mary Martin) and one to William, then I went down to the steamer see if anything on board for me but there was none, and I sent for a sack of flour and a small bottle of scent, Batise came here and brought some washing for me to do, Tillie and I sat up and saluted the new year in, it was very quiet this year to what it was last year, I do not think there was anyone else besides Charters and us, It was freezing hard again last night

2- A fine day but cloudy, we hall'd wood down on the sleigh, there was a very slight frost last night.

3- A fine morning but in the afternoon there was a fine fall of snow, I saw'd four logs off and roll'd them down,

4- A drisly rain falling a little every now and again all day, Henry Anderson came here, he wanted to know it I would take their washing, I told him I would, so he told me to go and see his wife about it, so I went and got it, and I went to Muirs to see if there was a letter for me, but there was none, and I got some castor oil and some Mollassess, for the children for they are all getting the cold, I try'd to get some painkiller too, but they had none, I called at Mrs. Throup's and got some from her, and I call'd at Charters to see if I could get some oats but they had none thrashed yet, There was snow on the hills

5- A very wet day, The Steamer came in today and I went down to see if my things had come down but I only got the flour and sent that for by the mate of the steamer, I felt so disappointed to think that my shoes had not been sent, I expect Billy Cotsford must be coming pretty soon, The snow is all gone off the hills,

6- A fine day, I washed clothes nearly all day, Johny Dick came here, and brought me a letter from William, he said Mr. Steel was too sick to bring the letter himself

7- A fine day, I went over and brought Mr. Baker here, Mr. Batise was here too this afternoon, and stay'd till nearly dark, I got him to take Mr. Baker home for me. I was busy writing to William or I would not have asked him to take Mr. Baker over, right after Batise went home, I went over to Bridges and posted a letter to William and one to Saunders and sent the little shot gun by the mail to be put on the Steamer for Nanaimo,

8- A very wet day, I done nothing but read nearly all day

9- A wet day again, I washed clothes nearly all day, Tillie and I pack'd a bag of bark each, it is very foggy tonight

10- A fine day, I took Mrs. H. Anderson's washing back, and she gave me some more clothes to wash, I called at Mrs. Burnet, she seems quite glad to see me.

11- Showry morning, and a fine afternoon, a gale of S.W. wind, Mr. Batise came here his morning for his clothes, and he was here again this afternoon he said he was going to town, so I asked him to get me some things, then I took him across, and I called in at Bridges and got a bottle of painkiller, that I asked Mr. Dule to get for me, I paid him for it, and paid for the freight of the little shot gun

12- a fine day, it has been freezing last night, I washed nearly all day, Tillie and I hall'd a sleigh load of wood,

13- a beautiful warm day, I took Mrs. H. Anderson's clothes back, she did not give me any more to do, she is getting better, but her poor little boy is worse, I do not think that he will live, for the poor little thing has his bones sticking almost through his skin, I called at Mrs. Burnet's and she gave me a sack of potatoes, I wonder what is going to happen, she would not let me pay for them, and she says I am to go and get some more when these are used, but I quess she will have to wait a long time before I shall ask her for any, unless I can pay her for them,

14, Another beautiful day, I went down to the steamer, and got the things I orderd from Saunders, and as the mate of the steamer was taking the things into the canoe, he dropt a box full of things, it was a good thing that the box was nail'd up or we would not have saved a thing, but the sugar was in it spoil'd, it nearly fell on me, every else was all right but the sugar, I expect there is about 6 llbs of it wasted, I feel so vex'd about it but I suppose it cant be helpt, I shot a duck, the first one since William has been gone, I have cooked it for spot, snow on the hills today.

Mon, 15th- A fine morning, but turned out wet this afternoon, I saw'd two logs off and some back log, Tillie pack'd two back logs down, and I roll'd a log down and burst it. The steamer went up the bay today and came back again this evening, snow on the hills yet.

Tue, 16th- A fine day, with a cold N.E. wind, and it has been snowing last night just enough to cover the ground, I shot three ducks this morning, then I went and bored a tree and set fire to it. It is burning yet, and I roll'd another log down, and pack'd the rest of the back logs, then Tillie pack'd some front logs and pack'd bark, it is dreadful cold tonight, the wind is blowing hard yet

Wed, 17th- Fine day, with a strong N.E. wind, I went down for the mail and got a letter from William, I call'd at Mrs. Andersons to see how her boy was, the poor little thing seems to be ready to fall to pieces, on my way home, I called in at Mrs. Burnet, it was dreadful cold, it was freezing hard again last night

Thur, 18th- Fine day, we all went to visit Mrs. Collie, and bake some bread in Donald's stove, Mr. Collie had gone to town on Wednesday, he came back this evening just before we came away, I had to go and chop the tree down that I set fire to, there was only a little holding it up, it fell right across the new road, I went and clear'd the rubish away, so that it would be passable

Fri, 19th- Fine morning, but this afternoon there was a fine fall of snow, I saw'd two logs off the tree that fell across the road, and then Tillie and I hall'd a lot of wood down then one log down, the snow has turn'd into sleet, Donald came here, and he wanted to know where our horse was, I told him we were the horses, he could not believe me, he could not believe that we hall'd the wood ourselves,

Sat, 20th- Fine day, There was some one holloring and waving over at Bridges, I went over and who should it be but Batise. I thought it might have been William till I got over their and seen who it was, I went down to the camp with him to get my things that I asked him to get for me, then I went and visited Mrs. Collie, I stayed and had dinner with her,

Sun, 21st- A drisly day, I was writing to William nearly all day,

Mon, 22nd- A wet day, I sew'd all day,

Tues, 23rd- Fine day,

Wed, 24th- I went down for the mail, and took Aggy and the baby with me, As I cross'd over to the other side, I seen John Charter, he told me that Mrs. Anderson's little boy was dead, so I went on down, I got a leter from Mary, on my way back I went in at Mrs. Anderson, she took such a notion to the baby so that she would hardly let me take him, untill he (Mr. Anderson) began to get cross, so that she had to let me take him, the poor woman could hardly keep from crying, they are going to bury...

(The next page has been cut from the journal and the journal begins again with the first of February. Dad told me that William and Mary's children, especially Emily, were teased about being part Indian. She, (Emily) had "censored" the journal by cutting portions of the writing out that had too much reference to the Indian side of the family)

Thurs, 1st- ...again if I could have the oxens, he said he thought I could have them in about a week or more, because he is going to turn them out, and that he would have nothing for them to do, I was glad, because I am getting quite sore packing and halling wood, it has been freizeing dreadful,

Fri, 2nd- Fine, I was washing all day, Mr. Steel came here and brought some powder, he said the powder, I ask'd him to get for me had not come down yet, so he thought he would let me have some to keep me going , till mine came down, I moved my bed out in the front room for it has been too cold in the bed room for us, for it has been freizeing dreadfull hard,

Sat, 3rd- Fine, with a terrible gale of W.E. wind, in fact it has been blowing pretty hard these last few days, but not so hard as today, Tillie and I hall'd a lot of wood, to do us till Monday, Mr. Gordon came here, he got the lend of a book from me,

Sun, 4th- Fine, it is quite calm to what it was yesterday, Mr. McColluch was here, he ask'd me if he could have my canoe to go across the bay with, I told him he could, so he took it, and I went through to Gordon's with some books that I borrowed from them, and to ask Johnny Dale if he could let me have some caps for my gun, so he gave me a few, and I got some more books, just as I got home Mr. McColluch came back with the canoe, and he stay'd quite a while, it is freizeing yet,

Mon, 5th- Fine, I took Mrs. Anderson's clothes down, and she paid me for the washing, then I went to the Steamer and sent for a pair of shoes and a comb for Tillie, the Steamer is loading ballast at the spit,

Tues, 6th- Fine, we all went over to Mrs. Bridges, and I took back some books that I had from her,

Wed, 7th- Fine, I went down for the mail, and I got a letter from William, the Steamer came in last night about eleven o'clock, Mr. Trenchard got Tillie's shoes too large, so I had to send them back, but he got the comb allright, I called at Mrs. Burnet,

Thurs, 8th- Fine, but rather cloudy,

Fri, 9th- Fine, there was a light fall of snow last night just enough to cover the ground, but it is thawing fast, Tillie and I hall'd a lot of wood to do until Monday, for the sleigh slides quite easy over the snow,

Sat, 10th- A drisly day, I was sewing nearly all day,

Su, 11th- A fine fall of snow this morning, but it clear'd up this afternoon, Mr. Baker was holloring over on the flats, so I went over for him, Mr. Steel came here with some washing and then he walk'd down to Keil's came back about 1 o'clock, then right home, Mr. Baker pact a lot of wood for me, I took him over home about half past 2 o'clock this afternoon, then I wrote a letter to William and one to Saunders, big Charly was here this morning, He wanted to know if William wanted to sell the canoe, I told him I did not think he did but he said he would like to buy it, so I told him I would write to William and ask him if he wanted to sell,

Mon, 12th- Snowing early this morning, but turn'd out fine this afternoon I went over and posted my letter, Tillie and I hall'd a load of wood and then I went through Gordon's to see if I could get a feed of potatoes, but they had none out of the pit, and the ground is froze too hard to get any out, so I could not get any, and took back two books, and got some more.

Tue, 13th- Snow is falling this morning but it clear'd up towards evening the Steamer came in this afternoon and I went down and got Tillie's shoes, then I hall'd a load of wood, and then I shot a duck, I tried to shoot another, but did not get it,

Wed, 14th- A fine day, I went down to see if there was any letters for me, but there was none, and I ask'd Mr. Trenchard, if he had got my painkiller, he said he had not, and that he had forgotten all about it, but than he would be sure to get it this time, Mr. Steel came here and got the lend of my canoe. (Painkiller in the 1880s was usually opium or opum derived products. No doctor was needed to get some for you.)

Thur, 15th- Snowing off and on all day, Tillie and I hall'd two loads of wood,

Frid, 16th- Snowing this morning and then it turned into rain this afternoon, Batise came here this morning, and ask'd me if I would mend his coat for him, I told him I would, so I fix'd it, then he went right away, Mr. Steel came here and left his canoe, for me to use, until he got through with mine,

Sat, 17th- A very wet day, I done a lot of washing, and Tillie and I pack'd a lot of wood, Johnny Dale came while I was hanging some clothes on the line, and ask'd me if I had seen one of the ewe sheep that had a lamb, and were round my place, he said that he missed it since yesterday morning, but I told that I had not see, it

Sun, 18th- A wet day, Batise came here, and brought some washing, then he went through to Gordon's, I was writing a letter to William till ten o'clock, and there was Thunder and Lightning,

Mon, 19th- A fine morning, but a wet afternoon, I took Tillie to school at last, I have been a long while going to take her to school, so I have started at last, (Tillie is ten or eleven) Mr. Steel came here just as I was starting, and took his canoe, he said he was done with my canoe, then we started, and I seen her to school, then I went to Mrs. Burnett's waiting till Tillie came from school, I did not take her till this afternoon so I thought it was no use going home right away, and it was dreadful wet on our way home, I had no idea it was going to be wet, for it was nice and clear when we started,

Tues, 20th- A fine day, I took Tillie to school early, and landed her over at Throup's then this afternoon I went over to Charters and brought her home,

Wed, 21st- A very wet morning, but it clear'd up at noon, so I took Tillie to school, it was too wet this morning for her to go, and she brought me the mail, there was a letter from William, and one from Saunders, and Tillie told me there was a lot of things for me down at the mill, the steamer had just brought them, so as soon as we got home, I got ready and went down to get them, but I was too late, the mill was closed up, and there was no one there, so I came home.

Thu, 22nd- A fine day, went down for my things, early, then I had to wait till John Muir came before I could get them, so that it was too late for Tillie to go to school this morning, but I took her over this afternoon, after she came home, I went down to get the rest of my things, but I was just too late again, so I came home without them,

Fri, 23rd- Fine day, Tillie went to school,

Sat, 24th- Fine day, Tillie went to school, I went down and brought the rest of my things, and paid three dollars for freight, and sent for 50 cents worth of currants, and 50 cents worth of onions, I got Johnny Dale to help me to pack the things up out of the canoe, he is so strong, for he pack'd a 154 lbs sack of sugar, Tillie and I try'd to lift it but we could not move it,

Sun, 25th- Fine day, I wrote a letter to William, and one to Mary, and posted my letters, then I sent Tillie along with the canoe to see if she could handle, and she got along pretty well, Batise came here, with one of the men that was working at the camp, Batise said that he was going too, and he said if there was anything I wanted to send for, that he would...

This concludes the entries by Mary Cartwright. I assume that William came back at this time and she forgot all about writing for awhile.

The next entry is dated August 28th 1892- When Mark was lost. (Mark would have been ten at this time. He actually stowed away on a boat in the harbour. Someone found him years later working a boat on the north coast. He did not want to return to his home.)

The next picture is of Grandma Engelson and her older brother, Lorenzo, mostly called Leonard. This boy died at an early age and is buried with his parents in the Ross Bay Cemetary of Victoria.

In 1911 Mary was asked by the Women's Institute of Sooke to tell of her first days in East Sooke.

August 7th, 1911

To the Women of the Women's Institute.

When I came here in Oct. 28, 1872 in a large canoe with two indian men and a woman, they charged $7.00, to bring us and some of our goods. The rest we did not get for a month later. I had one child, a little girl a year old. There were not any roads here at all then, except a trail on West Sooke side. We often used to swim the horse across the bay, and my husband would ride to town, (town is Victoria) for a sack of flour, and a few other groceries. He could not pack much on horse back. He would have to walk nearly all the way back home again. Mrs. W. Charters Sr. used to get our horse to ride to town with her baby in her arms, her husband being a blacksmith, she would stay a day or two then come back again. There were only three settlers on East Sooke, Mr. Deshaw, Donald Barney and ourselves. On West Sooke only nine, M. Muir, R. Muir, J. Muir, with their families, J. Throupe, W. Phillips, W. Charters Sr., and Mr. Meeson. The Muir's had a schooner that they sent lumber to Victoria by. We often had to get an indian with his canoe, to go to Victoria with my husband and bring supplies. They would charge $5.00 for the round trip. About two or three years after we came here, they started a wagon road on east Sooke. Five years after we came here, they made a trail to Victoria on East Sooke, 12 years later they started a wagon road, finished it about two years after. I do not remember what year it was when the Muirs built their little Steamer Woodside. We found it very nice to go to town on, much better than the horse stage, or the canoe. I do not remember how many indians there were in Sooke when we came. I think about fifty or a hundred. I think that is about all I can remember at present, of course you all know how Sooke has gone ahead these last few years.

Mary Cartwright

A story that has been told concerning Mary Cartwright is that a group of Indians came down to the homestead to get her to go back up island to get her Indian (band) back into a better financial position, as she had position with the band before she was married and left and who ever was running the band was not doing a good job. When she refused to go they threatened to kidnap her and take her back up island. She had a shoot out with them and they finally left.

This story comes from two different sources.

I believe that this story concerns Mary's mother, Mrs. Finlay. She did leave Christopher Finlay and did go back up north where no one ever heard from her again.

I spoke with one Victoria Turner from Shawnigan Lake. She was born Victoria Donaldson and lived with her family in East Sooke and were close neighbors to the Cartwrights. She says that William appeared to be without a job but always had money. She said that he must have been a "remittance man". When home he spent most of his time sitting on a wood pile playing his concertina while the kids did the chores. The Donaldsons lived on a natural beach at the entrance to Sooke Harbour. This was a stopping spot for the northern canoes when they were heading south. She remembers her mother hiding her, Victoria, when the large canoes stopped as mother was afraid that she would be kidnapped because of her very blonde hair. Later my grandma Mary Ann told this story to my Dad who had blonde hair too.

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